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The event of Mubahila a classic piece of history depicting the victory of truth over falsehood. The true message of Allah (s.w.t.) over the beliefs made up by ordinary man. It is said, Truth shall always prevail. And so it did on 24 Dhul Hijjah 9AH.
eid mubahila
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) had invited the Christians of Najran (20km from Sanaa) to Islam or pay the 'Jizya' (a tax), however the latter refused either. The Christians knew the military might of the Muslims and hence did not resort to war but instead chose peaceful negiotations to settle the dispute of beliefs. The main argument was over the position of Prophet Jesus (Isa) (a.s.) viewed by the Muslims as the Prophet of Allah (s.w.t.) as opposed to the Chrisitians who take him as the son of God.

When the Christian priests refused to accept, Allah (s.w.t.) revealed the following verse to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.): 

فَمَنْ حَاجَّكَ فِيهِ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَكَ مِنَ الْعِلْمِ فَقُلْ تَعَالَوْا نَدْعُ أَبْنَاءَنَا وَأَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَنِسَاءَنَا وَنِسَاءَكُمْ وَأَنفُسَنَا وَأَنفُسَكُمْ ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ فَنَجْعَل لَّعْنَتَ اللَّهِ عَلَى الْكَاذِبِينَ
"But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come let us call our sons and your sons and our women and your women and our near people and your near people, then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars." (Surah Ale Imran 3:61]

The following day, at a desginated place outside Madinah, the Christians bring their people and witness the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) coming with only four individuals - his daughter Sayyida Fatima Zahra (a.s.), his grandchildren Imam al-Hasan (a.s.) and Imam al-Husayn (a.s.), and his cousin and son-in-law Imam Ali (a.s.), i.e. his Ahlul Bayt. These five were to represent the side of the truth. The Christian priest, Abu Haritha, witnesses the light of truth on the faces of these five individuals and says: "O my Christian friends, I am seeing such bright faces that if they pray that God move this mountain from its place then the mountain will be moved. I warn you do not have Mubahila with them or you all will be destroyed and banished."  

Witnessing this, they backed off from the contest and requested that their friendship be accepted. The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.) accepted their request and asked Imam Ali (a.s.) to write the agreement according to which the Najran tribes accepted to pay 'Jizya' and live under the protection of the Muslims. This was indeed a historical victory of truth over falsehood.

Today we face similar circumstances as the Christians of Najran did in 9AH. The message of Allah (s.w.t.), i.e. the beliefs and laws, which are the truth, has been manifested to us from the Holy Quran and the sunnah of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.), but we choose to neglect and create our own sets of belief and interpretation of law of what is acceptable and what is not according to our tastes and needs. To qualify for shafa'ah at the hands of these very Ahlul Bayt (a.s.), we must accept and follow the truth. On this day every year, we should ask ourselves on which side we are, and if we have deviated, then we should retract to the side of the truth, with the tawfiq and hidayat from Allah (s.w.t.).

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